Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.
The park has sub-Himalayan belt geographical and ecological characteristics. An ecotourism destination, it contains 488 different species of plants and a diverse variety of fauna. The increase in tourist activities, among other problems, continues to present a serious challenge to the park's ecological balance.
Corbett has been a haunt for tourists and wildlife lovers for a long time. Tourism activity is only allowed in selected areas of Corbett Tiger Reserve so that people get an opportunity to see its splendid landscape and the diverse wildlife. In recent years the number of people coming here has increased dramatically. Presently, every season more than 70,000 visitors come to the park.
Corbett National Park comprises 520.8 km2 (201.1 sq mi) area of hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grasslands and a large lake. The elevation ranges from 1,300 to 4,000 ft (400 to 1,220 m). Winter nights are cold but the days are bright and sunny. It rains from July to September.
Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of sal, haldu, peepal, rohini and mango trees. Forest covers almost 73% of the park, 10% of the area consists of grasslands. It houses around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.
Air : Phoolbagh, Pantnagar at a distance of 50-kms is the nearest airport. Delhi at a distance of 300-kms is the nearest international airport.
Rail : Ramnagar is on the broad gauge track from where the road transport options have to be availed to reach the park. For faster trains and connections to other parts change at Moradabad.
Road : Dhikala is 300-kms from Delhi, 145-kms from Lucknow and 51-kms from Ramnagar. The route from Delhi spans Hapur - Moradabad-Ramnagar. The turn off is some 7-kms beyond Moradabad to the left, marked by a small board. The route from Lucknow spans Bareilly–Kichha–Rudrapur–Doraha–Kashipur. Ramnagar is served by frequent buses to and from Nainital and Ranikhet, 112-kms north.
Dikala Zone – Dikala Gate in Corbett is the most popular and covers a large area of park. Canter safari is available and forest rest houses are available for stay and forest department provides Jeep Safari in side the Jungle.
Permit require to go for Jeep and Canter safari for this zone pre booking available.
Bijrani Zone - bijrani Gate in Corbett is famouse for Jeep Safari Morning and Evening Jeep Safri are available from here. Jeep Safari covers tourist area of jungle. Permit require to go for Jeep safari for this zone pre booking available.
Jhirna Zone - Jhirna Gate in Corbett is 15 Kms from Ram Nagar toward Dhela village and Morning and Evening Jeep Safri are available from here. Jeep Safari covers tourist area of jungle. Permit require to go for Jeep safari for this zone pre booking available.
Durga Devi Zone – Durga Devi Gate in Corbett is located in north east zone of the forest. Both Morning and Evening Jeep Safaris available to explore the zone (tourist area only). Here is posibilities of watching all the wild life species available in the Corbett Natonal Park. Permit require to go for Jeep safari for this zone pre booking available.
Dhela Forest Zone – Government recently opened a route for tourist called Dhela Gate near to Jhirna Gate. Guide and expert says this is good for safari round the year and this gate gives opportunity to do jeep safari during holidays when all the safari bookings get full.
Sitabani Forest Zone – Sitabani is a forest area, not the part of Corbett Tiger Reserve forest, This area is favorite spot for tourist for walking and bird watchingNo time limits and permit require for visiting Sitabani forest Area.Sitabani zone is popular in the Hindu epic, named Ramayana. As the myth goes, goddess Sita, wife of Lord Rama spent some days of her exile in Sitabani.